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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 328-332

Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 5-10 year old school children in Kadapa Mandal, Andhra Pradesh


1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, RIMS, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Associate Professor, Dept. of Periodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, RIMS, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Principal, Dept. of Conservative and Endodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, RIMS, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Periodontics, Government Dental College and Hospital, RIMS, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
K V VijayKumar
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, RIMS, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objective: To obtain information on caries prevalence and treatment needs of children aged 5-10 years to plan appropriate dental care services. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 750 primary school children aged 5-10 years in the areas of Kadapa mandal, YSR district, Andhrapradesh. The study population was obtained by "cluster random sampling" of children from eight primary schools. Dental caries was assessed using diagnostic criteria recommended by WHO (1997). The chi-square test and two-way analysis of variance were used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 750, 5-10 year old children were examined (369 boys and 381 girls). The prevalence of caries in primary dentition was 77.7% and in permanent dentition it was 35.1%. The mean dmft and decayed missing filted tooth (DMFT) scores were 1.27 and 0.78 respectively. Although the mean dmft scores were not statistically significant different for the two sexes, the mean DMFT score was found to be higher among girls than among boys. There was a strong need for single surface restorations (62%). Conclusion: The results of this baseline study revealed that dental caries is a major public health problem in this population and implementation of an active and effective program of comprehensive dental care is necessary to achieve optimal dental health in child population.


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