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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 426-430

Prosthetic status and treatment needs of institutionalised elders of age 60 years and above in Chennai


1 P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Dept. of Public Health dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai, India
4 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
S Prabhu
P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health dentistry, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Saveetha University, Chennai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objective: To assess the prosthetic status and treatment needs of institutionalised elders in Chennai. Materials and methods: A cross - sectional study was conducted among 289 residents of old age homes in Chennai. Demographic information was collected followed by clinical examination of Prosthetic status and treatment needs using a section of WHO oral health assessment form (1997). Results: 88.2% of the subjects had no prosthesis in the maxillary arch, 90.3% subjects had no prosthesis in the mandibular arch, there was a significant difference between the prosthetic status and gender in maxillary arch (p = 0.04) while there is no significant difference between prosthetic status and gender in mandibular arch (p = 0.2). The need for full prosthesis was highest and it increased with age, followed by multi -unit prosthesis (23.9%) in maxillary arch and need for a combination of one and / or multi - unit prosthesis in mandibular arch (28.7%), there was very highly significant difference between prosthetic needs and gender in both maxillary and mandibular arch (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The findings of the study demonstrated a high unmet prosthetic treatment needs among the institutionalized elderly population surveyed.


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