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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 447-451

Prevalence of dental caries among 21-60 years-olds in Rural Punjab and its relationship to their oral hygiene and life style habits

1 Reader and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, National Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi, India
2 DMD Student, Boston University, USA
3 Indian Dental Hospital, Tanda, Dist. Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India
4 Guru Nanak Dev Dental Hospital, Sultanpur Lodhi, Dist. Kapurthala, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Satpreet Singh
Reader and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, National Dental College and Hospital, Dera Bassi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objective: Dental caries is among the most common dental problems affecting humans. The present study was aimed to assess the prevalence of dental caries in rural population in different age groups and their awareness about the general dental health. Methods: The current study was conducted on 251 subjects in the age groups of 21-30 years, 31-40 years and 41-60 years from the rural areas in the state of Punjab, India. Dental examination was performed and subjects were asked a questionnaire and the data was recorded and analyzed for the role of different factors in the occurrence of dental caries including dietary habit. Results: Caries prevalence (DMFT>0) was 76.36% in 21-30 years, 86.84% in 31-40 years and 87.69% in 41-60 years age groups. The number of decaying teeth was significantly higher than missing or filled teeth. Conclusions: A very high DMFT score was observed in these people from rural Punjab with number of decayed teeth significantly higher than missing and filled teeth thus indicating the lack of awareness about dental health in this group. A significant relationship was observed between dental caries and oral hygiene habits.

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