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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 455-461

Permanent first molar caries status and treatment needs among school going children aged 6-14 years in Tenali, Guntur (DT) - A cross sectional study


Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Takkellapadu, Guntur, A.P, India

Correspondence Address:
T Devaki
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Takkellapadu, Guntur, A.P
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Material & Methods: The study population comprised a representative sample of 700 school children aged 6 to 14 years, with 345 males and 355 females. The data about the status of first permanent molar was assessed by clinical examination and findings were recorded on a pre tested Proforma. The two stage sampling was done, in the first stage random sampling of Tenali Schools, and in the second stage cluster sampling of 6 to 14 years School children. Results: The result showed that the prevalence of dental caries in first molars for the study population was 47.42%. Out of 2662 first molars examined, 798 (30.39%) were decayed in the study population and this decay varied in males (38.23%) and females (22.92%). Out of the 37.29% of the children who required treatments, 18.86% first molars needed one surface filling, 12.71% needed two or more surface fillings, 2.86% needed pulp care, 3.43% needed extraction and 1.57% needed replacement. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the study that the occurrence of caries of first molars increased in mixed dentition period. Caries was significantly higher in males (52.58%) when compared to females(47.42%). Recommendations: It is recommended from the study that emphasis should be given in periodic screening and provision of dental services for initial lesions at an early age.


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