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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 462-473

Sugar consumption and dental caries experience in 12 and 15 year old children in Chennai


1 Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Maduravoyal, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Maduravoyal, Chennai, India
4 Associate Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Maduravoyal, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Akila Ganesh
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Dental caries is a very frequent oral disease and continues to be the most common infectious diseaseof childhood. Aim: To assess the dental caries experience and frequency of sugar consumption and to correlatethe relationship between the two factors in 12 and 15 year old children in Chennai. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional epidemiological study was conducted among 12 and 15year old children in Chennai. A 24 hour diet recall and the WHO 1997 dentition status and treatmentneeds were recorded. The sweet score was calculated based on the information from the diet chart. Results: Mean DMFT of the sample was 1.08. Overall prevalence of dental caries was 45.6%. Morethan 50%(906) children were caries free.249(15.6%) and 224(14%) had one and two carious lesionsrespectively. Only 46(2.9%) of children had no sugar exposures per day. Majority, 517(32.3%) had twosugar exposures per day. Sweet score was excellent in 270(16.9%) subjects, with a majority, 1001(62.6%)in the 'Watch out zone'. There was positive correlation between DMFT and the frequency of sugarexposures per day and sweet score with a statistically significant association between DMFT and frequencyof sugar exposures per day. Conclusion: As parents and schoolteachers are important informants in oral health of the children,their involvement should be considered in planning oral health education for children. The school mayserve as an effective platform for promotion of oral health in relation to children as well as families.


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