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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 525-535

Oral health status and treatment needs of match-box factory workers in Gudiyatham Taluk, Vellore District


1 P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
2 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
4 Associate Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
M Raj Kumar
P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of match-box factory workers inGudiyatham taluk of Tamil Nadu. Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted among the match-box factory workers inGudiyatham taluk of Vellore district. Following the pilot study, the sample size of 948 match-box factoryworkers was needed for this study. The cluster sampling methodology was used to select the samples. Theclusters (match-box factories) were randomly selected one after the other to get the required sample size.The source of data was primary, which consisted of a clinical examination (WHO Oral Health AssessmentForm - 1997). Results: The prevalence for bleeding on probing, calculus, shallow pocket and deep pocket by highestscore was found to be 36.2%, 37.6%, 9.6% and 6.2% respectively. Mean number of sextants code 3 orhigher and code 4 increased with age and was statistically very highly significant. 20.6% had cariouslesions and mean DMFT was 2.842.05. The mean DMFT increased with age with the highest, being6.262.99 in the age group =55 years and it was statistically significant. The more commonly neededtreatment modalities were one surface restoration and two surface restorations being in 67.1% and 23.5 %of subjects respectively. 20.3% and 23.1% of subjects required prosthesis in upper and lower jaws,respectively. Conclusion: The match-box workers in Gudiyatham, suffer from the common dental diseases likedental caries and periodontal diseases. As observed in the present study the working environment does notseem to have an effect on their oral health.


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