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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 788-791

Oral malodor: Causes and cure - An overview


1 Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.), India
2 Reader, Dept. of Periodontics, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.), India

Correspondence Address:
P Basavaraj
Professor, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad (U.P.)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Halitosis or bad breath is an oral health condition characterized by unpleasant odors emanating time after time from the oral cavity. The origin of halitosis may be related both to oral and systemic conditions, but a large percentage of cases are generally related to an oral cause. Oral causes are related to deep carious lesions, periodontal disease, oral infections, peri-implant disease, pericoronitis, mucosal ulcerations, impacted food or debris and mainly, tongue coating. In general, halitosis most often results from the microbial degradation of oral organic substrates including volatile sulfur compounds (VSC). So far, there are few studies evaluating the prevalence of oral malodor in the general population. Thus, the aim of the present review was to describe the etiological factors, prevalence data and the therapeutic mechanical and chemical approaches related to halitosis.


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