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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 827-831

Dental erosion, dental caries experience and periodontal status among battery factory workers of Ghaziabad


1 Professor, Dept. of Public Heath Dentistry, Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Hitkarini Hills, Jabalpur, India
2 Reader, Dept. of Periodontics; Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Hitkarini Hills, Jabalpur, India
3 P.G. Student, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry; Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Hitkarini Hills, Jabalpur, India
4 P.G. Student, Dept. of Prosthodontics, Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Hitkarini Hills, Jabalpur, India

Correspondence Address:
P Basavaraj
Professor, Dept. of Public Heath Dentistry, Hitkarini Dental College and Hospital, Hitkarini Hills, Jabalpur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background Occupational exposure to sulfuric acid mists has been described in association with dental erosion and ulcerative mucosal lesions explained by the high irritant and corrosive acid effects that damage the enamel structure, cause inflammatory and immune reactions and reduce the salivary pH that can also compromise resistance to infections in the oral cavity. Aim and Objectives To assess the Dental erosion, Dental caries experience and periodontal status among battery factory workers of Ghaziabad. India Material & Methods Study was conducted in 8 randomly selected battery factories of Ghaziabad. All the subjects present in these factories on the days of examination were included. A total of 562 (Male - 386, Female - 176) aged between 25-58yrs were examined. Results The results show 351 subjects (62.5%) had Dental caries experience The Overall periodontal condition was poor with 85.1% of the subjects showing some or the other signs of periodontal disease. The periodontal health deteriorated with increasing working experience of the workers 1-5 years - 14.3%, 5-10 years - 23.5%, 10+ years - 36.2% showed the pocket depths of 4-5mm. 98.8% showed some degree of dental erosion. 23.7% of the workers with more than 10 years of working experience showed 3rd degree of Dental erosion compared to 0% from 1-10 years and the difference was found to be statistically significant. Conclusion The present study revealed that chronic exposure in the working environment significantly affects oral health condition among exposed workers It can be concluded that the most common adverse effects on dental health of exposed workers were the significant increase in the prevalence of periodontal diseases, dental erosions and in the prevalence of decay.


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