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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 874-879

Association of serum vitamin D levels of 25(OH)D with Marginal Gingivitis

1 Professor, Dept. of Community Dentstry, Maratha Mandal Dental College, Belgaum, India
2 Director, S.D.M Dental College, Dharwar, India
3 Professor and Head, Dept. of Community Medicine, JNMC, Belgaum, India
4 Professor and Head, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, S.D.M.C, Dharwar, India

Correspondence Address:
Vishwanath P Hiremath
Professor, Dept. of Community Dentstry, Maratha Mandal Dental College, Belgaum
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Purpose: Gingivitis is the inflammation of gingiva and a mildest form of periodontal disease. Earlier studies have revealed that vitamin D has an anti inflammatory effect on gingiva and low levels of serum vitamin D are associated with many chronic diseases.. The objective of this study was to assess the association of serum level of 25-OHD to marginal gingivitis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted in Maratha Mandal dental college, Belgaum, India. Out of the 451 people screened, 96 subjects who had Gingivitis score more than 1 and who satisfied the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent were considered for the study. The gingival status was assessed by Loe and Silness Index and the serum vitamin D levels of 25-OHD were analysed by The Diasorin vitamin D Direct Elisa kit Germany. Also the information on the Demographic profile which included the age, sex, weight and calculus status was collected in the form. Results: On statistical analysis the relationship of serum vitamin D with gingival status was found to be negative and statistically significant at P<0.05. Further with multivariate analysis the total contribution of age, sex, vitamin D, weight and calculus on gingival status was 38.92% in which the calculus status contributed maximum of 20.11% compared to minimum of 0.83% by gender, followed by serum vitamin D 11.77%, age by 3.96% and weight by 2.25% respectively Conclusion: Based on this analysis we can conclude that serum vitamin D and calculus are the most important contributors for the gingival status.

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