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ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 18  |  Page : 899-904

Assessment of oral health status, treatment needs, coverage and access barriers of patients reporting to a Rural Dental college in Northern India


1 Senior Lecturer, Sri Guru Ramdass Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, Punjab, India
2 Professor and Head, M.M.College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India
4 Senior Lecturer, M.M.College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
5 Professor and Head, ACPM Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Amaninder Kaur Randhawa
Senior Lecturer, Sri Guru Ramdass Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status treatment needs, coverage of the oral health care of MMCDSR Dental College (a rural dental college) and various access barriers of the population in utilization of oral health services of MMCDSR dental college. Methods: A cross sectional hospital based survey was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, MMCDS&R Mullana, Haryana, India, interviewing 1232 patients over a period of 10 months, from March 2008 to December 2008. The data was recorded on modified WHO format (1997). Results: A total of 1232 subjects were examined with mean age of 35.64. 66.6% (820) patients were from villages (rural), with 33% (406) of them coming from within 10 km radius around college. Lack of time as main reason for delay in seeking treatment was quoted by 32.14% (396). Prevalence of oromucosal lesions was 9.7% (120). 60% (733) patients had dental caries with mean DMFT of 8.47. Nearly 36.7% needed some kind of prosthesis in maxillary arch and 43.4% in mandibular arch. Nearly 48% of patients had some kind of periodontal problems. Conclusion: Oral health status has been found to be poor necessitating mass health education programmes to educate the people. Access barriers in form of lack of time and poor transportation can be removed by altering or extending the college timings the rural mass needs for effective delivery of oral health care.


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