Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-32

Effectiveness of probiotic and chlorhexidine mouthrinses on reduction of plaque, gingivitis & mutans streptococci count in saliva-a clinical trial


1 Post Graduate student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
V lndra priyadarshni
Post Graduate student, Department o f Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental, College, Chennai
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Introduction: Probiotics are emerging as a fascinating field and can be the best way to preventoral diseases. There are very few studies conducted on humans using probiotic mouthrinse and thusthere is less information on its effectiveness. Aim and Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of probiotic and Chlorhexidine mouthrinsein reducing plaque, gingivitis and Mutans Streptococci count in saliva among 21-45 years oldsubjects. Materials and Methods: The trial design is a placebo-control, parallel group double blindrandomized clinical trial consisting of 14-day test period. A total of 45 study subjects were selectedfrom the out patients and randomised into three groups (15 in each group), group A (Probiotics),group B (Chlorhexidine) and group C (Placebo). The subjects were clinically examined for plaqueaccumulation using the Plaque index (Turesky etal modified Quigley-Hein plaque index 1970), forgingival inflammation using the Gingival Index (Loe and Silness 1963) and saliva samples werecollected for level of Mutans Streptococci count at baseline and after using the assigned mouthrinse. Results: During the follow-up (end of 14 days) the Probiotic and Chlorhexidine groups had lessGingival Index, Plaque Index scores and Mutans Streptococci count compared with the controlgroup, which was statistically significant. There was also a significant difference in the meanreduction of Gingival Index, Plaque Index scores and Mutans Streptococci count between theProbiotic and the Chlorhexidine groups (p = 0.04, p = 0.008 and p = 0.02 respectively), Probioticgroup being better than the Chlorhexidine group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the Probiotic mouthrinse has potential therapeutic valueand can be used as an adjunct to regular oral hygiene practices.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed998    
    Printed9    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded133    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal