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ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65-72

Assessment of knowledge and attitude regarding treatment of HIV IAIDS patients among dental students in Davangere City, Karnataka: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study


1 Post Graduate Student, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere- 577004, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere- 577004, India
3 Reader, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of DentalSciences, Davangere- 577004, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of DentalSciences, Davangere- 577004, India
5 Post Graduate Student, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of DentalSciences, Davangere- 57700, India

Correspondence Address:
Dheeraj Kalra
Post Graduate Student, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere- 577004
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Knowledge about the disease HIV and AIDS and their manifestations is verycrucial. Gaining knowledge about this disease starts right from II year of B.D.S. curriculum. Withproper knowledge about the disease, correct attitude is developed about how to treat the patientsaffected by the disease. Information on the HIV and AIDS-related knowledge among dental studentsprovides a crucial foundation for efforts aimed at developing an appropriate dental curriculum onHIV and AIDS, and for attracting the attention of dental school educators towards the subject. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and attitude about HIV/AIDS among III, IVB.D.S. students and interns of a dental college in Davangere city, Karnataka. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey of the students was conducted in the institute. Aself-administered questionnaire elicited information on demography, HIV/AIDS knowledge,attitudes towards HIV testing, occupational risk perception and willingness to care for HIV patients.The survey was conducted during March-May 2011, the total number of dental students registeredwas 120 mean age 22 years). The students completed the anonymous self administeredquestionnaires in supervised class room settings. Results: A total of 69.56% correct responses were obtained for knowledge based questions.About 87.8% of dental students had a negative attitude of treating HIV/ AIDS patients. Conclusion: Students had less knowledge about various HIV related issues. The findingsclearly highlight the importance of the teaching emphasis of dental educators on the disease, and ifreinforced at an early level of study, the knowledge and attitude becomes a norm in their dailypractices as clinicians.


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