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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-87

Oral health status of battery factory workers in Kanpur city: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vivekanandha Dental College, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Surendera Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Sriganganagar, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ITS Dental College, Hospital and Research Center, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Suchi Khurana
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurgaon, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2319-5932.140254

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Background: The oral cavity is vulnerable to external agents and some occupational exposures are associated with oral changes in both hard and soft tissues. Objectives: To assess oral health status in battery factory workers of Kanpur city and to describe the prevalence and nature of oral health problems among workers. Materials and Methods: A total of 70 battery workers were enrolled and divided into study and control groups based on acid exposure. The data was recorded on a modified World Health Organization 1997 proforma. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 15.0. The categorical variables were compared using Chi-square test for proportions while the quantitative ordinal variables were compared using Mann-Whitney U-test. Quantitative continuous variables were compared using Independent samples t-test. Results: The mean age of all the workers surveyed was 36.24 years. Differences in the erosion, oral hygiene and gingival index scores among the two groups were highly significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Oral health status was poor and significantly associated with dental erosion.

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