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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-130

Oral health status among workers of lead acid battery factories in Ghaziabad: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, PGIDS, Rohtak, Haryana, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, MAIDS, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, MB Kedia Dental College, Birgunj, Nepal

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Hansa Kundu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_135_16

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Introduction: Oral health is a vital part of general health which not only depends on the environment in which a person lives but also the one in which he/she works. Exposure to various harmful substances in lead acid battery factory affects various organ systems of the body including tissues of the oral cavity. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the oral health status among production line workers of lead acid battery factories in Ghaziabad. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1400 production line workers of twenty lead acid battery factories in Ghaziabad. The sample comprised all the workers in the factories including the production line. Oral health status was assessed using the WHO oral health assessment form, 2013. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 19. Results: The mean age of the study group (production line workers) was 32.15 ± 7.91 years and of control group (nonproduction line workers) was 31.49 ± 7.62 years. Mean years of experience were 10.90 ± 7.35 for production line workers and 9.07 ± 5.97 years for nonproduction line workers. Prevalence of gingival bleeding was present among 89.10% of the study group workers and 80.90% of control group workers (P < 0.001). Periodontal pockets were found to be present in 43.3% of workers when compared to 25.6% of control group workers (P = 0.001). Prevalence of dental erosion was found to be 55.5% among study groups as compared to 1.4% among the controls (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study documents the association of various oral conditions with workplace environment. The present study points the need of establishing appropriate educational, preventive, and treatment measures coupled with efficient surveillance and monitoring in the workplace environment.

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