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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

Tooth loss and associated risk factors among rural population of Wardha District: A cross-sectional study

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, DMIMS (Deemed to be University), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sourav Sen
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sharad Pawar Dental College, DMIMS DU, Wardha, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_106_17

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Introduction: Regular dental care and daily cleansing habits are one of the key aspects of keeping healthy teeth for a lifetime. Common Indian concept is, with age people become more prone to oral health problems. If they follow their oral hygiene practices meticulously, then age may not act as a risk factor for tooth loss. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors associated with tooth loss among adults and the elderly among the rural population of Wardha District. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, among the rural population, two World Health Organization index age groups (35–44 and 65–74 years) were selected. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed, and complete clinical oral examination was done. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test. The value of P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Nearly 75.3% of laborers were partially edentulous. Habits, including smoking, tobacco chewing, and alcohol consumption, had an impact on tooth loss. Patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension had 97.5% and 100% had tooth loss, respectively. Regarding the first visit to the dentist, 65.6% population underwent dental treatment from the dental college in the vicinity. “No dental problems” were reported by 68.4% of patients of the total population and among them 81.3% were edentulous. Regarding “Self-perceived treatment” the result revealed that 72% of them had felt the need for dental treatment. Conclusion: The study showed that risk factors such as habits, systemic diseases, and self-perceived oral health played a significant role in tooth loss. Brushing type, method, and material used for cleaning were some other factors that influenced tooth loss.

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