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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-34

Influence of intellectual disabilities on oral health among children attending special schools in Goa:A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India
2 Unit of Public Health Dentistry, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akshatha Gadiyar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_97_19

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Background: The severity of oral health problems in intellectually disabled population is worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental problems. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of intellectual disability on oral health among 127 children. Materials and Methods: A self-administered parental questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics and oral health behavior variables. Type III clinical examination was done using Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT)/decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) index, plaque index, and gingival index. Data collected were statistically analyzed using SPSS (version 19.0, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Mann–Whitney test and Kruskal–Wallis test were used. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 11.71 ± 2.03 years. The mean DMFT and dmft of study participants were 2.55 ± 2.99 and 1.54 ± 2.66, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in DMFT scores between mild, moderate, and severe disability levels (P = 0.28). The mean plaque score and gingival score were 11.71 ± 2.03 and 0.78 ± 0.56, respectively, and there was no statistically significant difference in plaque scores (P = 0.11) and gingival scores (P = 0.10) between mild, moderate, and severe disability levels. Conclusion: Children with intellectual disabilities presented with poor oral health conditions. There was a trend of increase in DMFT and plaque scores with the level of the disability although there was no statistically significant difference.


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