Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-47

Assessment of self-perception and need for orthodontic treatment using the index of orthodontic treatment need in visually impaired students of Northern Karnataka, India


Department of Orthodonics, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Roopa Jatti
BC 132, Logde Road, Opp Benyon Smith School, Camp, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_63_19

Rights and Permissions

Background: In recent years, the perception of an individual with a disability like visual impairment has been slowly evolving from the “forgotten” person to one who is recognized as needing treatment. Aim: The aim is to assess the self-perception and orthodontic treatment need in visually impaired (VI) students and to compare these with the control group (CG), and also to create awareness about malocclusion and orthodontic treatment in both groups. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the special schools for the VI in the North Karnataka region. The CG was from the local schools in the same region. A total of 125 VI, 162 control students aged 11–19 years were included in the study. Determination of Esthetic Component (AC) and dental health component (DHC) in VI and control students were done. Chi-square test and Kappa statistics were used to compare between the study and the CG and to find out the agreement between the subjects and the orthodontist respectively. A P value of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: About 24% of VI and 6.1% of the control perceived to be in need of orthodontic treatment according to the AC. However, 24% of VI and 20.9% of control showed “definite need” of treatment based upon the DHC. The AC when compared between study and CG by Chi-square test, was found to be highly significant statistically with a P < 0.001. Conclusions: High percentage of VI students perceived a “definite need” as compared to control students based on AC. The data of the present study suggest that the VI students are more concerned about their malocclusion and perceive that they need orthodontic treatment.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed342    
    Printed2    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded48    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal