Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry

ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23--32

Effectiveness of probiotic and chlorhexidine mouthrinses on reduction of plaque, gingivitis & mutans streptococci count in saliva-a clinical trial


V lndra priyadarshni1, Navin Anand Ingle2, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly3, V Chandrasekhara Reddy4 
1 Post Graduate student, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
V lndra priyadarshni
Post Graduate student, Department o f Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental, College, Chennai
India

Introduction: Probiotics are emerging as a fascinating field and can be the best way to preventoral diseases. There are very few studies conducted on humans using probiotic mouthrinse and thusthere is less information on its effectiveness. Aim and Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of probiotic and Chlorhexidine mouthrinsein reducing plaque, gingivitis and Mutans Streptococci count in saliva among 21-45 years oldsubjects. Materials and Methods: The trial design is a placebo-control, parallel group double blindrandomized clinical trial consisting of 14-day test period. A total of 45 study subjects were selectedfrom the out patients and randomised into three groups (15 in each group), group A (Probiotics),group B (Chlorhexidine) and group C (Placebo). The subjects were clinically examined for plaqueaccumulation using the Plaque index (Turesky etal modified Quigley-Hein plaque index 1970), forgingival inflammation using the Gingival Index (Loe and Silness 1963) and saliva samples werecollected for level of Mutans Streptococci count at baseline and after using the assigned mouthrinse. Results: During the follow-up (end of 14 days) the Probiotic and Chlorhexidine groups had lessGingival Index, Plaque Index scores and Mutans Streptococci count compared with the controlgroup, which was statistically significant. There was also a significant difference in the meanreduction of Gingival Index, Plaque Index scores and Mutans Streptococci count between theProbiotic and the Chlorhexidine groups (p = 0.04, p = 0.008 and p = 0.02 respectively), Probioticgroup being better than the Chlorhexidine group. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the Probiotic mouthrinse has potential therapeutic valueand can be used as an adjunct to regular oral hygiene practices.


How to cite this article:
priyadarshni V l, Ingle NA, Chaly PE, Reddy V C. Effectiveness of probiotic and chlorhexidine mouthrinses on reduction of plaque, gingivitis & mutans streptococci count in saliva-a clinical trial.J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2013;11:23-32


How to cite this URL:
priyadarshni V l, Ingle NA, Chaly PE, Reddy V C. Effectiveness of probiotic and chlorhexidine mouthrinses on reduction of plaque, gingivitis & mutans streptococci count in saliva-a clinical trial. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 May 6 ];11:23-32
Available from: https://www.jiaphd.org/article.asp?issn=2319-5932;year=2013;volume=11;issue=1;spage=23;epage=32;aulast=priyadarshni;type=0